U.S. Presidents

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Ronald Reagan - See our separate Ronald Reagan page.

General Resources

Presidents of the United States
"The President biographies presented here are from the book The Presidents of the United States of America written by Frank Freidel and Hugh S. Sidney, published by the White House Historical Association..."

The American Presidency Project
"...was established in 1999 as collaboration between John Woolley and Gerhard Peters at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Our archives contain 69,172 [and growing] documents related to the study of the Presidency."
The best place to start if looking for primary data.

AmericanPresident.org
"AmericanPresident.org houses two primary modules: 'The Presidency in History' and 'The Presidency in Action.' The "Presidency in History' includes biographies of every president and first lady; richly detailed event timelines; biographies of cabinet officials, presidential staffers, and advisers; and multimedia resource galleries for each of the 43 presidencies. All of this material is vetted and overseen by a group of contributing editors-one per presidency-comprised of the nation's leading scholars on the presidency. The 'Presidency in Action' explores the process by which the president uses his staff to develop policy and make decisions."
- Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia

Commission on Presidential Debates
"Its primary purpose is to sponsor and produce debates for the United States presidential and vice presidential candidates and to undertake research and educational activities relating to the debates. The organization, which is a nonprofit, nonpartisan corporation..."

"I Do Solemnly Swear...": Presidential Inaugurations
"...is a collection of approximately 400 items or 2,000 digital files from each of the 62 inaugurations from George Washington's in 1789 to William Jefferson Clinton's in 1997, and will include items from the 63rd inauguration of 2001. This presentation includes diaries and letters of presidents and of those who witnessed inaugurations, handwritten drafts of inaugural addresses, broadsides, inaugural tickets and programs, prints, photographs, and sheet music."
- American Memory, Library of Congress

JURIST: The Legal Education Network
"...the Internet's legal education portal, the university-based academic gateway to authoritative legal information, instruction and scholarship online. Edited and quality-controlled by a select team of Net-savvy law professors from law schools across the United States and around the world, JURIST is especially designed for individuals learning, teaching or researching law - legal scholars, law students, law librarians, lawyers and judges, journalists, and interested citizens."
University of Pittsburgh School of Law

Presidential Elections: US Presidential Election Maps
"...a continuing project which will eventually contain national election results for all presidential elections. Using authoritative statistical data and PC-based mapping software, we have created a series of maps showing state-by-state winners, along with percentage of vote received, for each election."
Geographic Information Center, University of Virginia Library

Presidents of the United States
"The President biographies presented here are from the book The Presidents of the United States of America written by Frank Freidel and Hugh S. Sidey (contributing author), published by the White House Historical Association."
From The White House Home Page

Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States
"This online service makes available material that was compiled and published by the Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, in hardcover printed volumes entitled The Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States. This hardcopy series includes volumes covering the administrations of Presidents Hoover, Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, and Bush, as well as President William J. Clinton."
From the National Archives and Records Administration

The White House Historical Association

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