Environmental History Digital Library


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Calvin Photographic Collection
"Samuel Calvin, Professor of Natural Sciences at the University of Iowa (1873-1911) and State Geologist, took more than 5,000 glass plate negatives, which he used to illustrate specific geological features for class instruction, public lectures, and publications. The photographic techniques are of high quality, and the images are as aesthetically pleasing as they are geologically informative...In addition to geological landscapes and features, Calvin documented mines, quarries, mills, and other buildings. The collection also contains portraits of his family, colleagues, and classes in the field. While Calvin may have taken most photographs to exhibit geological features, the images are beautifully composed. Calvin did the developing himself, producing rich blacks and a full range of grays."

Chemical Industry Archives
"The Chemical Industry Archive consists of documents from the chemical industry itself, most of which were obtained through lawsuits. Other documents were obtained through Freedom of Information Act requests."
A project of Environmental Working Group

Conservation and Environmental Maps
"The historic and more recent maps contained in this category show early exploration and subsequent land use in various areas of the United States. These maps show the changes in the landscape, including natural and man-made features, recreational and wilderness areas, geology, topography, wetland area, vegetation, and wildlife. Specific conservation projects such as the growth and development of U.S. National Parks are included in this category."
- American Memory, Library of Congress

European Society for Environmental History (ESEH)

The Extermination of the American Bison
By William Temple Hornaday, 1889
"...a report to the Secretary of the Smithsonian which had originally been printed in the Smithsonian's annual report for 1887, severely criticizing the near-extermination of bison in the West, and advocating protection of what remained of the herds."
American Memory, Library of Congress

The Geo-Images Project
"The Geo-Images Project attempts to make images (mostly photographs) that are useful in teaching geography more widely available using computers and the internet."
It was conceived, constructed, and is maintained by G. Donald Bain, Director of the Geography Computing Facility, University of California at Berkeley.

Historical Publications of the Agricultural Experiment Station
Kansas State University
"...They are included here as a matter of historical interest. The Agricultural Experiment Station published hundreds of circulars, bulletins, and other publications (for a total of more than 24,000 pages) before 1946."

On the Duty of Governments in the Preservation of Forests,
Franklin B. Hough, 1873. A paper read at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, in Portland, Maine, this inspires the Association to prepare and submit a Memorial on forest preservation to Congress, which initiates Congressional interest in forest protection.
- American Memory, Library of Congress

Tending the Commons: Folklife and Landscape in Southern West Virginia
"...incorporates 679 excerpts from original sound recordings and 1,256 photographs from the American Folklife Center's Coal River Folklife Project (1992-99) documenting traditional uses of the mountains in Southern West Virginia's Big Coal River Valley...The online collection includes extensive interviews on native forest species and the seasonal round of traditional harvesting...and documents community cultural events such as storytelling, baptisms in the river, cemetery customs, and the spring "ramp" feasts using the wild leek native to the region. Interpretive texts outline the social, historical, economic, environmental, and cultural contexts of community life, while a series of maps and a diagram depicting the seasonal round of community activities provide special access to collection materials
- American Memory, Library of Congress


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